Freud was born to Jewish parents. Religion was a large part of his background, but from an early age he developed an affinity for science and embraced atheism. Yet he was deeply fascinated by the effect that religion had upon thought processes and lives, and he studied religion throughout his entire career.
Roubekas University of South Africa Abstract Often theologians tend to neglect the importance theories of religion have in the overall study of religious discourse. Theories of religion seek to explain the origin and function of religion — while other, more hostile approaches to religious phenomena, tend solely to explain them away.
In this process, theorists of religion deal with either one particular religion or many religions in order to justify and establish their theory as a general one that can be applied to every religion across both time and space.
Theorizing about Religion A theory of religion is an enterprise towards an explanation of what religion is and does.
Theorizing about religion does not simultaneously mean defining religion, even though many or most of the theorists start or conclude their inquiries with a definition of religion. Theorists like Edward B. The term may refer either to the historical beginning, that is when, where and how religion first arose, or to the recurrent beginning of religion, that is why religion arises whenever and wherever.
Neither archaeologists nor historians can help religious studies scholars in tracing the historical origin of religion, since there are no solid data at hand except for some burial sites that indicate that the Neanderthals were interring their deceased fellowmen following some kind of religious rituals.
Pals, Seven Theories of Religion. New York,p. Mithen, The Prehistory of the Mind: London,chapter 9. Orthodox Christianity and, in particular, to the Sacrament of the Eucharist Holy Communion as it is performed according to the Orthodox liturgical theology and practice.
Each theorist claims that his theory is a universal one that can be applied to any religion, across both space and time; so does Freud. Neurosis and the Oedipus Complex Freud unfolds his theory of religion in four different books: Even though his theory takes different paths in his subsequent works, what Freud formulated in Totem and Taboo constitutes his main approach to religion, a book that he deemed as one of his most important writings.
His approach stems from the discipline of psychology and is based on his previous work on neurosis and neurotic patients. A neurosis is not a pathological condition. Freud dealt with this task already from his first book, Studies on Hysteriawhich he wrote with the Austrian physician and personal friend and mentor Josef Breuer.
The Mind of the Moralist. Freud, Studies on Hysteria translated by J. New York . In his famous work, The Interpretation of DreamsFreud distinguished between conscious and unconscious domains.
The unconscious is like a jail where all painful or traumatic experiences and emotions are being kept and guarded by the mechanism of repression. Being unconscious about those experiences does not mean not being aware of them; rather, it means that those experiences are forgotten as if they never happened at all but are still there, in the unconscious domain.
For Freud, the cause of anxiety that leads to a neurosis is the frustration of that instinctual drive: Palmer, Freud and Jung on Religion.
Freud, The Interpretation of Dreams translated by J. Oxford, , p. On the one hand, the child wishes to have sexual intercourse with his mother and have her exclusively for himself, and on the other hand experiences immense hatred towards his father for having his mother.
For Freud religion arises in response to this instinctual drive, which is represented by the Oedipus complex; an attempt to articulate his theory can be found in his book Totem and Taboo.
The book deals with the Australian Aborigines and their religious and social structures that pervade their whole life. Freud, The Interpretation of Dreams, pp. On the role of classical mythology into the work of Freud, see the excellent study by R.
Greek Tragedy and Modern Identities.
London and New York, , p. For further discussions on the Oedipus complex and the mechanism of repression, see R. Also, see Stafford-Clark, Freud, pp. In this view, their religion, known as totemism, is the earliest stage of religion.Sigmund Freud's views on religion are described in several of his books and essays.
Freud regarded God as an illusion, based on the infantile need for a powerful father figure; religion, necessary to help us restrain violent impulses earlier in the development of civilization, can now be .
Learn more about Freud's complicated relationship with religion as well as some of his thoughts on religion and spirituality. Freud's Early Religious Influences Sigmund Freud was born to Jewish parents in the heavily Roman Catholic town of Freiburg, Moravia.
Sigmund Freud's work and theories helped shape our views of childhood, personality, memory, sexuality, and therapy. Other major thinkers have contributed work that grew out of Freud's legacy, while others developed new theories out of opposition to his ideas.
Four points against Freud’s argument against God (1) Freud’s argument commits the genetic fallacy. As stated above, Freud’s theory understands religious beliefs to be the result of deep psychological needs.
The Flaws on Sigmund Freud's Theories on Religion PAGES 3.
Sigmund Freud saw religion as a reversion to childish ways of thinking. As adults, we continue to long for the security and forgiveness provided by our fathers in childhood. As we have no father to fulfil these needs, we invent God as a substitute father. Sigmund Feud believed that religion was simply an illusion. His theory is based on the belief that human impulse is to murder and be promiscuous. If that assumption is correct, then his theory that religion is helping to prohibit these impulses, can have some merit. Sigmund Freud and his Psychoanalytical views on Religion The Psychology of Religion is a fascinating topic. I find it interesting how psychologists of the past have .
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Freud's Flawed Philosophy of Religion: A Reply to Rempel From: even anti-Catholic--theories are seriously flawed religion as illusory gratification of unconscious infantile wishes for a father's (why not a mother's?) protection and/or to archaic longings to.