Admission requirements Causes for expulsion 3. Divide the class into groups, and assign to each group one or more of the subtopics that come out of the preceding brainstorming session. For each subtopic, the group must list three to five points, or details, along with a defense.
It is only the dose which makes a thing poison. Minimalism is the recent movement that encourages people to declutter their homes, simplify their lives, and reject consumerism. Popular blogs like that of Joshua Fields Millburn and Joshua Becker exemplify the movement, offering simple insights and instructions on living a stripped-down yet richer life.
But minimalism is not new; the term may be, but the practice is ancient. And Plato, being one of those old dudes from ancient Greece, knew a thing or two about the dangers of over-consumption. Ismael Nery — Morte de Ismael Nery, Public Domain Although Plato was from a wealthy family, as a young man he was smitten by Socrates, and Socrates was poor—a true street prophet—unkempt, homely, and shoeless.
On the other hand, Thrasymachus, a politically savvy and silver-tongued sophist, believes that justice is good only if personally advantageous. The disagreement launches Socrates on a quest for the truth.
Because justice is not directly observable, Socrates suggests that something concrete be examined, something large, like a city. If a just city can be identified, then perhaps the principles that make it just can be illumined, and then something smaller can be examined against those principles, like a person.
Through this process, perhaps the true nature of justice will be revealed. So with help from his interlocutors, Socrates embarks on a journey to construct an imaginary city—a city that is just.
Right away it becomes clear that the city, in its most simple form, is composed of parts that work in cooperation. People fulfill certain roles and collaborate through trade and communication for mutual benefit. The farmer specializes in farming and trades his wares for other goods.
The clothier does the same, as does the builder, the baker, and so on. It is through specialization and cooperation that the city is greater than the sum of its total parts citizens ; the functioning city provides more for each citizen than they could ever achieve individually.
And that may not be a bad idea, for by examining it, we might very well see how justice and injustice grow up in cities. If you want to digest certain books rapidly, I recommend Blinkist.
They distill non-fiction books down to potent minute insight-blasts. We must increase it in size and fill it with a multitude of things that go beyond what is necessary for a city. Following prompts from his audience, Socrates continually adds to the imaginary city.
And as the city grows, the need for warfare becomes apparent. For how can a city expand and satiate all its desires without invading other lands?
If there was any doubt before, the luxurious city, now a warmongering one, hardly seems just. Realizing the constructed city which looks much like any contemporary city is a sick one, Socrates and friends seek to purify it.
So they go back to the ideas that made the simple city healthy—specialization and cooperation—and begin anew by examining the soul. Public Domain Plato believes that, much like a city, the soul is composed of parts, and that a healthy or just soul will maintain a harmonious relationship between its parts, namely, the appetite, spirit, and reason.
Plato also argues that every soul has a dominant disposition—an essential nature—and that justice is, in large part, staying true to this nature. And, as to be expected from a philosopher, Plato suggests that reason is the faculty capable of governing this balance. In Book IV, Socrates states: And thus it seems justice has been identified: To be sure, Socrates attempts to reconstruct the ideal city, so as to test the uniformity of this discovery.
It should be simple: This is the ideal city; this is justice. But then everything becomes murky when these wise philosopher kings begin to practice eugenics, polyandry, and questionable methods of population control—for the sake of preserving justice, of course. And even if one finds eugenics and polyandry to be rational, and believes that reason can permanently set us right, Socrates quietly acknowledges the fallibility of human reason with a single sentence, offering a disclaimer on its supremacy, as if to escape through a back door.
Just prior to describing the fall of the kallipolis, he states:Ask your students to imagine that Plato's publisher has announced a series of scheduled TV appearances for Plato to promote his new book, The Republic. Have your students work in groups of two or three to prepare for and then role-play Plato's visit to a series of TV shows with different formats: news magazine show, daytime talk show, late-night show, evening news broadcast.
Dec 02, · Lessons from Plato's Republic The Republic of Plato is a sacred text.
For anyone interested in political philosophy or philosophy in general there is no more important text for study. Justice in Plato's Republic A lesson on the humanist philosophy of justice in Plato's Republic.
Students are introduced to the tripartite soul; and look at the analogy with the ideal city. Plato's allegory of the cave covered in his Book VII of the Republic, explores the topic of the nature of reality and reveals life lessons on how to think for yourself and break outside the herd mentality holding you back from achieving your goals.
Plato's republic lesson plans and worksheets from thousands of teacher-reviewed resources to help you inspire students learning. Although Plato's Republic is best known for its definitive defense of justice, it also includes an equally powerful defense of philosophical education.
Plato's beliefs on education, however, are difficult to discern because of the intricacies of the dialogue.