Abolitionist John Brown was hanged December 2, Brown, a minister and fierce opponent of slavery, sought to obtain weapons from the arsenal to defeat the slavocracy in the South. A group of 21 men raided the arsenal. Five were African American:
He plans to start a slave insurrection and provide refuge for fleeing slaves. Federal troops capture him, and he is eventually tried and hanged. Authorities find a letter from Douglass to Brown. Douglass flees to Canada and then to a planned lecture tour of England to escape arrest on charges of being an accomplice in Brown's raid.
The Library of Congress Added by: Brandon samuels Brown arrived in Harpers Ferry on July 3, A few days later, under the name Isaac Smith, he rented a farmhouse in nearby Maryland. He awaited the arrival of his recruits. They never materialized in the numbers he expected. Douglass expressed severe reservations, rebuffing Brown's pleas to join the mission.
Douglass had actually known about Brown's plans from early in and had made a number of efforts to discourage blacks from enlisting.
|Citation Information||Brown detached a party under John Cook Jr. A free black man was the first casualty of the raid.|
|John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry - Wikipedia||Born in Connecticut in and raised in OhioBrown came from a staunchly Calvinist and antislavery family.|
In late September, the pikes arrived from Charles Blair. Kagi's draft plan called for a brigade of 4, men, but Brown had only 21 men 16 white and 5 black: They ranged in age from 21 to Twelve of them had been with Brown in Kansas raids. On October 16,Brown leaving three men behind as a rear guard led 19 men in an attack on the Harpers Ferry Armory.
He had received Beecher's Bibles -- breechloading.
The armory was a large complex of buildings that containedmuskets and rifles, which Brown planned to seize and use to arm local slaves. They would then head south, drawing off more and more slaves from plantations, and fighting only in self-defense.
As Frederick Douglass and Brown's family testified, his strategy was essentially to deplete Virginia of its slaves, causing the institution to collapse in one county after another, until the movement spread into the South, essentially wreaking havoc on the economic viability of the pro-slavery states.
Thus, while violence was essential to self-defense and advancement of the movement, Brown's hope was to limit and minimize bloodshed, not ignite a slave insurrection as many have charged.
From the Southern point of view, of course, any effort to arm the enslaved was perceived as a definitive threat. Initially, the raid went well, and they met no resistance entering the town. They cut the telegraph wires and easily captured the armory, which was being defended by a single watchman.
They next rounded up hostages from nearby farms, including Colonel Lewis Washington, great-grandnephew of George Washington. They also spread the news to the local slaves that their liberation was at hand.
The train's baggage master tried to warn the passengers. Brown's men yelled for him to halt and then opened fire. The baggage master, Hayward Shepherd, became the first casualty of John Brown's war against slavery. Ironically, Shepherd was a free black man.
Two of the hostages' slaves also died in the raid. Brandon samuels More information.John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry (also known as John Brown's raid or The raid on Harper's Ferry) was an effort by armed abolitionist John Brown to initiate an armed slave revolt in by taking over a United States arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia.
Brown's party of 22 was defeated by a company of U.S. Marines, led by First Lieutenant Israel Location: Harpers Ferry, (West) Virginia. John Brown and the Raid on the Harpers Ferry Armoury Posted on May 9, by History In An Hour John Brown, the radical abolitionist, ensured his place in US history when on 16 October he led a group of 21 men on a raid on the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia.
Brown began to plan an attack on the federal arsenal in the small town of Harpers Ferry, Virginia (which is in present-day West Virginia). In July , Brown, his sons, and other followers rented a farm across the Potomac River in Maryland.
A study of the map of the area around Harpers Ferry shows the substantial possibility of success, once John Brown got out of Harpers Ferry. A hard climb of an hour or two would have taken Brown and his men to safety in the foothills of the Alleghenies.
"John Brown became an infamous martyr to the anti-slavery cause in , when he led a small band of armed men in a raid against the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia, intending to seize the weapons there and free all slaves in the vicinity.
Harpers Ferry Raid. John Brown (–) was an American abolitionist and insurrectionist who planned an all-out war on slavery beginning with a violent raid on the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia, in