General Essay on the Religions of Sub-Saharan Africa Religion in Sub-Saharan Africa has changed and evolved over the last two to three thousand years in many different ways.
Overview[ edit ] In the modern era, nation-building referred to the efforts of newly independent nations, notably the nations of Africa but also in the Balkans  to redefine the populace of territories that had been carved out by colonial powers or empires without regard to ethnic, religious, or other boundaries.
This sometimes resulted in their near-disintegration, such as the attempt by Biafra to secede from Nigeria inor the continuing demand of the Somali people in the Ogaden region of Ethiopia for complete independence.
In Asia, the division of British India into India and Pakistan was in part due to ethnic differences, which might have been aided by other factors like colonial mismanagement of the situation. The Rwandan genocide as well as the recurrent problems experienced by the Sudan can also be related to a lack of ethnic, religious, or racial cohesion within the nation.
It has often proved difficult to unite states with similar ethnic but different colonial backgrounds. Whereas some consider Cameroon to be an example of success, fractures are emerging in the form of the Anglophone problem. Failures like Senegambia Confederation demonstrate the problems of uniting Francophone and Anglophone territories.
Nation-building versus state-building[ edit ] Traditionally, there has been some confusion between the use of the term nation-building and that of state-building the terms are sometimes used interchangeably in North America.
Both have fairly narrow and different definitions in political science, the former referring to national identity, the latter to infrastructure and the institutions of the state. The debate has been clouded further by the existence of two very different schools of thought on state-building.
The first prevalent in the media portrays state-building as an interventionist action by foreign countries. The second more academic in origin and increasingly accepted by international institutions sees state-building as an indigenous process.
The confusion over terminology has meant that more recently, nation-building has come to be used in a completely different context, with reference to what has been succinctly described by its proponents as "the use of armed force in the aftermath of a conflict to underpin an enduring transition to democracy".
Nationalism, Globalism and State-Terrorism. London and New York: Towards a Theory of Abstract Community. See also James, Paul Literacy, Nationalism, and the Communist Collapse.
The Politics of Nation-Building: Making Co-Nationals, Refugees, and Minorities. Many journalists, academics, and policy commentators have recently used the term 'nation-building' in place of what the U.
Department of Defense calls 'stability operations. Nation building in comparative contexts New paperback print. States and Non-State Actors in Conflicteds.
Adria Lawrence and Erica Chenoweth. Retrieved 27 June The Beginner's Guide to Nation-Building. Third-party State-building in Occupied Territories".
Nation-Building ", Atlantic Monthly. Beyond Afghanistan and Iraq [Online-Ausg.Religious and Ethnic Diversity Essay. Religious and Ethnic Diversity ETH February 3, Religious and Ethnic Diversity Mormonism is a uniquely American religion, have been founded by Joseph Smith Jr., of New York ("The Church Of Jesus Christ Of Latter-Day Saints", ).
Ethnic Conflict Management in Africa: A Comparative Case Study of Nigeria and South Africa. By Emmy Godwin Irobi. May, Introduction. But what is most worrisome is the religious dimension of ethnic competition for power and oil wealth in Nigeria.
The multiple ethno-religious conflicts in the northern cities of Kano, Kaduna, Jos and. Why a Terrifying Religious Conflict Is Raging in Nigeria In the country's so-called Middle Belt, people have died in the past two years, and the government is .
Ethnic and Religious Conflict in Nigeria Words | 13 Pages stability in Nigeria’s fourth republic () INTRODUCTION Background to the Study Basically, Nigeria is a plural society and heterogeneous in virtually all the facet of life.
Religious violence in India includes acts of violence by followers of one religious group against followers and institutions of another religious group, often in the form of rioting.
Religious violence in India, especially in recent times, has generally involved Hindus and Muslims, although incidents of violence have also involved atheists, Christians and Sikhs.
Essay Ethnic Religion Identity Politics Nigeria and 90,+ more term papers written by professionals and your peers. Ethnic Religion Identity Politics Nigeria Essay; previously served an important social and community role is now intensified and serving as an example for the growth of conflict based upon ethnic and religious ideation.