Classical greece and hellenistic greece

For the moment Antipater was confirmed in authority in Macedon and Greece.

Classical greece and hellenistic greece

It also studies the impact of Hellenic civilization on other time periods, such as the Medieval period, the Renaissance, and modern times. This was because many of the dominant scholars and writers of the period were born in Athens, though we do have sources from other Greek city-states. In BCE, the first democracy was created in Athens following the overthrow of the last Athenian tyrant, due to the efforts of Cleisthenes.

The resulting democracy allowed for the flourishing of free-thinkers and writers, producing some of the most well-known achievements in art, literature, science, philosophy, and other sciences.

When Alexander the Great died. As a result of Alexander's campaigns, the Greek world was forever changed after his death in BCE.

Classical Greece vs. Hellenistic Greece by Ethan Riley on Prezi

Alexander's campaigns had brought the Greeks into contact with a multitude of Asian cultures, and Alexander had sought to incorporate Greek and Macedonian cultures with the cultures he encountered - discouraging later practices of "conquer and assimilate.

The Hellenistic period ended when the Romans came to town. Greek culture became absorbed by the Romans, beginning the "Roman Greece" period which lasted until CE. For more information on the history of Ancient Greece, Buzzbee has created an excellent hub.

Philosophy The Hellenic period witnessed the invention of philosophy.

Classical greece and hellenistic greece

There were many individual philosophers during this time, each of whom had followers that often branched out from the original philosopher's train of thought.

One of the most notable works of this time is Plato's Republic, which was the earliest systematic treatment of political philosophy. Other philosophers include Aristotle and Socrates. The Hellenistic period witnessed philosophers who focused on reason rather than the quest for truth.

Classical greece and hellenistic greece

These philosophers possessed a fundamental regard for reason as the key to solving problems, and they denied the possibility of attaining truth.

Instead, we see philosophers revert to a reliance on faith - accepting the inability to know truth. The major philosophical groups of this period include the CynicsEpicureansStoicsand Skeptics. Unlike the Hellenic period, very few individual philosophers existed independent of these schools of thought.

Literature The Homeric epics originated during the Hellenic period, reinforcing faith in human greatness and delighting in the beautiful aspects of life. Lyrical poetry thrived in its gentle and personal style. Tragic dramas - such as Antigone and Oedipus - were the supreme achievement of the Hellenic world, incorporated in many outdoor festivals for audiences of thousands.

And comedy, notably those by Aristophanes, lacked the politeness and subtlety of other genres. During the Hellenistic period, however, that all changed. Comedies became more akin to dramas, as evidenced in the works of Menander. Theocritus wrote pastorals that created make-believe worlds, rather than commenting on his own.

And prose became dominated by historians, biographers, and authors writing of utopia. It embodied exuberance, cheerful sensuality, and coarse with.

Marble statues and reliefs depicted human greatness and sensuality. A notable achievement is the rise in architecture of the Doric and Ionic columns. In the Hellenistic world, art became less "art" and more "commodity.

Sculpture of the period emphasize extreme naturalism and unashamed extravagance, rather than the former idyllic beauties and perfect Davids. The arts of this time were supported by many wealthy patrons, who used art for show rather than pursue it for its own pleasure. The architecture of this period also reflected the inherent materialism of art, emphasizing grandeur and luxuriance.

However, some architectural achievements include the first lighthouse, the citadel of Alexandria, and the Corinthian column.

Science The Hellenic world witnessed the birth of many of the world's most well-known ancient scientists and theories. In astronomy, Thales predicted a solar eclipse. In math, Pythagorean invented his theorem. Aristotle engaged in metaphysics and syllogism. It was science as we know it today: In medicine, many scientists used philosophy rather than science.

Most "doctors" considered that regularities divorced from supernatural causes created illness and health i. However, this period also witnessed the achievements of Hippocrates, who is considered the "father" of modern medicine and invented the practice of bleeding patients to release the toxins.Classical Greece was a period of around years (5th and 4th centuries BCE) in Greek culture.

This Classical period saw the annexation of much of modern-day Greece by the Persian Empire and its subsequent independence. Classical Greece had a powerful influence on the Roman Empire and on the foundations of western of .

The era of Hellenistic Greece was the period when Greece language and culture spread throughout the Mediterranean world. The third era of ancient Greek history was the Hellenistic Age when the Greek language and culture spread throughout the Mediterranean world.

The sources listed above indicate ways in which Koiné (or Hellenistic) Greek differs from Classical Greek. The following is a summary of some of the main points they raise. Robertson characterizes Koiné Greek as a later development of Classical Greek, that is, the dialect spoken in Attica (the region around Athens) during the classical period.

History of Greece: Hellenistic. The Hellenistic Age marks the transformation of Greek society from the localized and introverted city-states to an open, cosmopolitan, and at times exuberant culture that permeated the entire eastern Mediterranean, and Southwest Asia.

History of Greece: Classical Greece. The flurry of development and expansion of the Archaic Era was followed by the period of maturity we came to know as “Classical Greece”. Between and until BCE Athens and Sparta dominated the Hellenic world with their cultural and military achievements.

 Classical Greece and Hellenistic Greece have a lot of differences. They have differences in time as the classical Greek, or, Hellenic period was the time before the death of Alexander The Great.

Some of them are the studies of philosophy, literature, art, science, and religion.

Hellenistic Greece - Wikipedia