In the weeks before Queen Victoria's coronation inCharles Darwin sought medical advice on his mysterious physical symptomsand then travelled to Scotland for a period of rest and a "geologizing expedition" — but actually spent some of his time re-exploring the old haunts of his undergraduate days. On the day of the coronation, 28 JuneDarwin was in Edinburgh.
We civilised men, on the other hand, do our utmost to check the process of elimination; we build asylums for the imbecile, the maimed, and the sick; we institute poor-laws; and our medical men exert their utmost skill to save the life of every one to the last moment.
There is reason to believe that vaccination has preserved thousands, who from a weak constitution would formerly have succumbed to small-pox. Thus the weak members of civilised societies propagate their kind. No one who has attended to the breeding of domestic animals will doubt that this must be highly injurious to the race of man.
It is surprising how soon a want of care, or care wrongly directed, leads to the degeneration of a domestic race; but excepting in the case of man himself, hardly any one is so ignorant as to allow his worst animals to breed. The aid which we feel impelled to give to the helpless is mainly an incidental result of the instinct of sympathy, which was originally acquired as part of the social instincts, but subsequently rendered, in the manner previously indicated, more tender and more widely diffused.
Nor could we check our sympathy, if so urged by hard reason, without deterioration in the noblest part of our nature.
The surgeon may harden himself whilst performing an operation, for he knows that he is acting for the good of his patient; but if we were intentionally to neglect the weak and helpless, it could only be for a contingent benefit, with a certain and great present evil.
Hence we must bear without complaining the undoubtedly bad effects of the weak surviving and propagating their kind; but there appears to be at least one check in steady action, namely the weaker and inferior members of society not marrying so freely as the sound; and this check might be indefinitely increased, though this is more to be hoped for than expected, by the weak in body or mind refraining from marriage.By: Darwin, Charles, Published: () The origin of species by means of natural selection; or, The preservation of favored races in the struggle for life and The descent of man and selection in relation to sex / By: Darwin, Charles, The Descent of Man and (from The Complete Work of Charles Darwin Online) The Descent of Man at Project Gutenberg An book review of Descent of Man, which appeared in the Annual Register.
Apr 29, · The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex is the second edition of a book on evolutionary theory by British naturalist Charles Darwin.
The first edition was published in , and the second, enlarged edition in (this Wikisource edition is based on an unchanged reprint of the second edition). THE.
EXPRESSION OF THE EMOTIONS. IN. MAN AND ANIMALS.
BY CHARLES DARWIN, M.A., F.R.S., &c. THE DESCENT OF MAN AND SELECTION IN RELATION TO SEX. any law which is found to hold as to the expression of the emotions by simple sounds must apply to the more developed mode of expression in .
In The Descent of Man (, ) Charles Darwin () focused special attention on the origin and history of our own species, a subject he had avoided in his previous writings on evolution.
He claimed that the human animal is closest in ancestry to the two African "pongids," or anthropoid apes (chimpanzees and gorillas)/5(51). Charles Darwin wrote in in his book "The Descent of Man": "It is certainly not true that there is in the mind of man any universal standard of beauty with respect to the human body.
Although we "are all legally equal", everyone knows that people are often treat.