Alphabetic writing and the old georgian scripture

It is closely related to the Phoenician script. The find is attributed to the midth century BCE. Gezer calendar The script of the Gezer calendar[4] [5] dated to the late 10th century BCE, bears strong resemblance to contemporaneous Phoenician script from inscriptions at Byblos. The 8th-century Hebrew inscriptions exhibit many specific and exclusive traits, leading modern scholars to conclude that already in the 10th century BCE the Paleo-Hebrew script was used by wide scribal circles.

Alphabetic writing and the old georgian scripture

Biblical literature - Job | yunusemremert.com

Versions of the New Testament Contents: This was certainly the best language for it to be written in; it was flexible and widely understood. But not universally understood. In the west, there were many who spoke only Latin.

In Egypt the native language was Coptic.

Archaeological News

And beyond the borders of the Roman Empire there were peoples who spoke even stranger languages -- Armenian, Georgian, Ethiopic, Gothic, Slavonic. In some areas it was the habit to read the scriptures in Greek whether people understood it or not.

But eventually someone had the idea of translating the scriptures into local dialects we now call these translations "versions". This was more of an innovation than we realize today; translations of ancient literature were rare. The Septuagint translation of the Hebrew Bible was one of the very first.

Despite the lack of translations in antiquity, it is effectively certain that Latin versions were in existence by the late second century, and that by the fourth there were also versions in Syriac and several of the Coptic dialects.

Versions in Armenian and Georgian followed, and eventually many other languages.

Keep Exploring Britannica

The role of the versions in textual criticism has been much debated. Since they are not in the original language, some people discount them because there are variants they simply cannot convey.

But others note, correctly, that these versions convey texts from a very early date. In many instances the text-types they represent survive very poorly or not at all in Greek.

alphabetic writing and the old georgian scripture

It is true that the versions often have suffered corruption of their own in the centuries since their translation. But such variants usually are of a nature peculiar to the version, and so can be gotten around. When properly used, the versions are one of the best and leading tools of textual criticism.

This essay does not attempt to fully spell out the history and limitations of the versions.

These points will briefly be touched on, but the emphasis is on the textual nature of the versions. Those who wish to learn more about the history of the versions are advised to consult a reference such as Bruce M. In the list which follows, the versions are listed in alphabetical order.The Paleo-Hebrew alphabet (Hebrew: הכתב העברי הקדום ‬), also spelt Palaeo-Hebrew alphabet, is a variant of the Phoenician alphabet.

Paleo-Hebrew alphabet - Wikipedia Job The Book of Job is not only the finest expression of the Hebrew poetic genius; it must also be accorded a place among the greatest masterpieces of world literature. The work is grouped with Proverbs and Ecclesiastes as a product of the wisdom movement, even though it contains what might be called an anti-wisdom strain in that the hero protests vehemently against the rationalistic ethics of the sages.

Like the Phoenician alphabet, the Paleo-Hebrew alphabet contains 22 letters, all of which are consonants, and is described as an yunusemremert.com term was coined by Solomon Birnbaum in ; he wrote, "To apply the term Phoenician to the script of the. The Paleo-Hebrew alphabet (Hebrew: הכתב העברי הקדום ‬), also spelt Palaeo-Hebrew alphabet, is a variant of the Phoenician alphabet.

Like the Phoenician alphabet, the Paleo-Hebrew alphabet contains 22 letters, all of which are consonants, and is described as an yunusemremert.com term was coined by Solomon Birnbaum in ; he wrote, "To apply the .

The history of writing traces the development of expressing language by letters or other marks and also the studies and descriptions of these developments.. In the history of how writing systems have evolved over in different human civilizations, more complete writing systems were preceded by proto-writing, systems of ideographic or early mnemonic symbols.

Biblical literature - Job: The Book of Job is not only the finest expression of the Hebrew poetic genius; it must also be accorded a place among the greatest masterpieces of world literature.

alphabetic writing and the old georgian scripture

The work is grouped with Proverbs and Ecclesiastes as a product of the wisdom movement, even though it contains what might be called an anti-wisdom strain in that the hero protests vehemently against the.

A portion of one column of the famous Armenian MS.

Matenadaran (formerly Etchmiadzin ), dated yunusemremert.com are shown. The famous reference to the presbyter Arist(i)on is highlighted in red. is and in to a was not you i of it the be he his but for are this that by on at they with which she or from had we will have an what been one if would who has her.

Archaeological News