Auschwitz was the most notorious of the extermination centers. At the height of its activity Auschwitz could house more themen and women and could provide for the gassing and incineration of 12, prisoners a day…. The … gas chambers could accommodate 2, prisoners at one time. Rudolf Hoess testified at Nuremberg:
Jews from all over Europe were sent to Auschwitz to be murdered. Some have said that the system of killing there resembled an industrial production line, but at Auschwitz, the goal of the process was not the production of goods but the deaths of millions of people.
Small children and women with children were not considered for labor and automatically selected to be killed. Those not selected for labor were told that they would first undress and go into a special room for a shower and disinfection, after which they would be given food and new clothing.
In reality, the shower rooms were gas chambers.
With four large crematoria (including gas chambers and ovens to cremate victims’ bodies), Auschwitz-Birkenau became the largest of the killing centers built by the Nazis. Jews from all over Europe were sent to Auschwitz to be murdered. The operational use of the gas chambers in Auschwitz was preceded by experiments intended to find the most effective chemical agent and to work out the proper method for its use. Dec 10, · Auschwitz gas chamber - virtual walk round the actual gas chambers. filmed 09th december - Town called OSWIECIM in Poland is where Auschwitz is located.
Jewish women and children from Subcarpathian Rus, a region of Ukraine, who have been selected for death at Auschwitz-Birkenau walk toward the gas chambers. Some Jews were deliberately kept alive to assist with the killing process.
After the poison gas was released into the chambers and everyone inside was dead, the Sonderkommandos removed the bodies and transported them to specially built crematoria to be burned.
Every few months, the Sonderkommandos were themselves murdered and replaced by a new group of prisoners. One of the few members of the Sonderkommandos who survived Auschwitz described the killing site: Around the crematorium was an electric fence. There was an entrance that led to a large yard.
The yard was about twenty meters long and it led to the building where the furnaces were.
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We led the victims to the left side, where there were stairs, and then down to the undressing hall. Over the undressing hall [and gas chamber] there was no other floor. There were just four openings through which the SS men threw in the gas in order to kill the people.
To keep air from coming in, they would close the lids above the openings. Next to the corner of the undressing hall and the gas chamber, there were two floors—the furnaces downstairs and the living quarters [for the Sonderkommando] upstairs.
A tall chimney, at least twenty meters high, rose from the roof of the building. The smoke billowed through it. There was nothing unusual about it. More thanJews from Hungary were deported to Auschwitz that year. Another former Sonderkommando member described the killing process, beginning with the undressing hall: The people walked into the room and once they were all inside they began to undress.
From the undressing room the people went down a narrow corridor to the gas chamber. At the entrance, there was a sign: When a large transport with lots of people came, the people were beaten to force them to enter the room.
Only when they were already in the gas chamber did they sense that something was out of whack. When the gas chamber filled up, the Germans stood at the door with dogs and continued to pack the people in so that more than were already inside could be gassed. The Germans responded with murderous beatings.
The people were already naked and defenseless, so they were pushed in by force. The moment the gas chamber filled up the SS man closed the door. Right after that, SS men drove over in a car that carried the emblem of the Red Cross.
The cans of gas were taken out of the car, opened, and their contents were thrown into the gas chambers through the opening of the wall. Historian Gideon Greif, who edited a book of Sonderkommando accounts, writes: Many former prisoners explained in their testimonies that everyday life in the Nazi camps was based on a total reversal of all moral standards.
Power was associated solely with the license to oppress and torture. Values such as mercy and compassion were regarded as extreme, negative and perverse. It gave rise to an upside-down world or, as the writer and Auschwitz survivor K.
Auschwitz constituted a reality that had never before existed and had never been known, let alone experienced. Yale University Press, Yale University Press,— Yale University Press,52—After the establishment in Auschwitz II-Birkenau of two more provisional gas chambers, Bunkers No. 1 and 2 (the so-called "little red house" and "little white house"), the camp authorities shifted the mass murder of the Jews there and gradually stopped using the first gas chamber.
The operational use of the gas chambers in Auschwitz was preceded by experiments intended to find the most effective chemical agent . With four large crematoria (including gas chambers and ovens to cremate victims’ bodies), Auschwitz-Birkenau became the largest of the killing centers built by the Nazis.
Jews from all over Europe were sent to Auschwitz to be murdered. The operational use of the gas chambers in Auschwitz was preceded by experiments intended to find the most effective chemical agent and to work out the proper method for its use. After the establishment in Auschwitz II-Birkenau of two more provisional gas chambers, Bunkers No.
1 and 2 (the so-called "little red house" and "little white house"), the camp authorities shifted the mass murder of the Jews there .
A gas chamber is an apparatus for killing humans or other animals with gas, consisting of a sealed chamber into which a poisonous or asphyxiant gas is introduced. The most commonly used poisonous agent is hydrogen cyanide ; carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide have also been used.