Perhaps no other time was this Scottish presence more felt on the continent that in the early 17th century. Current estimates are that there were 38, soldiers raised over 27 levies from authorized by Charles I and Privy Council of Scotland for service in Danish and Swedish armies.
The Protestants were mostly Czechs which makes sense since most of them were in Prague. They rose up and forced Ferdinand to leave office. To replace Ferdinand the chose Frederick V.
The catholic league was a group of catholic princes who pooled their money and armies to oppose the spread of Protestantism in Germany. The Hapsburgs were one of the most influential ruling families in all of European history.
At this point they had control over the Holy Roman Empire. They also had rulers on the throne in Spain. The Hapsburgs will be a major player in the thirty years war. Ferdinand with his huge army begins the war. Things start off well for the Protestants until the battle of White Mountain, where the Protestants are crushed.
Things looked bad for the Protestants after this. The catholic forces took care of the Protestants on the battle field while the Jesuits worked away on the Protestants that were not on the battlefield.
The thirty years war was the first great conflict in which the printing press had free rein, and events both major and minor are widely reported in contemporary newspapers, pamphlets and broadsheets, often providing graphic depictions in which sensationalism and pro- paganda are barely distinguishable… Mortimer, Geoff However, this tactic did not have the intended effect.
The crushing defeat actually inspired the Protestants. As the war continued mercenaries flooded in to get in on all this fighting. Their loyalty lies in how much they are paid not in who wins. If these mercenaries knew that the problems they would have getting paid they may not have both- ered.
For every year that they fought they might get paid for only 3 of those 12 months. In the Swedish army actually went on strike for 3 months, refusing the engage the enemy until they were paid. All the soldiers regardless of what side of the battle they were on had a hard time keeping shoes on their feet and food in the stomachs.
The compensated by looting, but also sometimes whipped or even shot for stealing by officers.
The officers had it no better than they though. Albrecht von Wallenstein was born a Czech protestant, but was also a mercenary and offered his services and hissoldiers to the Emperor the Catholics.
Wallenstein was ruthless and blood thirsty. All in all a very bad guy. He and his army raped, pillaged, burned and plundered each village and town.
This was bad for everyone. The way that Wallenstein fought made the emperor look bad. Of course it was bad for the Protestants, because they were being wiped out by one of their own. It was bad for Germany because the place was being devastated. It was clear to everyone that the Emperor had lost control of Wallenstein.
Frederick had his hands full fighting the emperor and was unable to win back his land along the Rhine. Danish Phase — The Hapsburgs enemies were horrified at what Wallenstein was doing.Painting Guide for the Thirty Years War. By Steven Thomas on 26 Apr | Last Updated 23 Jul The 80 Years War latter part of the 30 Years’ War.
Breaches were tied at the knee by a ribbon in a matching or contrasting colour: Shirt: In May Wallenstein ordered red symbols in his army, usually neck scarves or sashes. Experiencing the Thirty Years War: A Brief History with Documents (Bedford Cultural Editions) An unprecedented collection of personal accounts, many of them translated for the first time into English, combine with visual sources to convey directly to students the experience of early modern warfare.
Thirty Years War: The Swedish Period Swedish troops marched into Germany. Meanwhile, Ferdinand had been prevailed upon () to dismiss Wallenstein, who had powerful enemies in the empire. He defeated the Saxon forces and later met the Swedish forces at Lützen (Nov., ); there the imperialists were defeated, but Gustavus Adolphus.
Map of the Thirty Years' War , The Swedish Campaigns Map of the Swedish Invasion, Prelude to Lutzen Map of the Swedish Invasion Jul 02, · Three types of cavalry were dominant in Spanish armies during the Thirty Years’ War: the caballo lanza (lancer), the caballo coraza (cuirassier) and the arcabucero a caballo (mounted harquebusier).
The lancer was a left-over of the feudal age. The Thirty Years' War was a 17th-century religious conflict fought primarily in central Europe from to , starting as a battle for supremacy among multiple Catholic and Protestant states.